- 10. The bonding characteristics of carbon allow the formation of many different organic molecules of varied sizes, shapes, and chemical properties and provide the biochemical basis of life. As a basis for understanding this concept:
- a. Students know large molecules (polymers), such as proteins, nucleic acids, and starch, are formed by repetitive combinations of simple subunits. Ch. 24.1, 24.2, 24.3
- b. Students know the bonding characteristics of carbon that result in the formation of a large variety of structures ranging from simple hydrocarbons to complex polymers and biological molecules. Ch. 22.1
- c. Students know amino acids are the building blocks of proteins. Ch. 24.1
- d.* Students know the system for naming the ten simplest linear hydrocarbons and isomers that contain single bonds, simple hydrocarbons with double and triple bonds, and simple molecules that contain a benzene ring. Ch. 22
- e.* Students know how to identify the functional groups that form the basis of alcohols, ketones, ethers, amines, esters, aldehydes, and organic acids. Ch. 23
- f.* Students know the R-group structure of amino acids and know how they combine to form the polypeptide backbone structure of proteins. Ch. 24.1
- The standards marked with an asterisk need to be learned by the honors chemistry class only. All other standards need to be learned by all chemistry students.